Tourmaline Information Page
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Tourmaline Information

Tourmaline Information for all of the Tourmaline varieties

Green Tourmaline Jewelry Green Tourmaline Jewelry Green Tourmaline Crystals
Tourmaline Information Index
Tourmaline Variety Names (and tourmaline products in our on-line store)
Tourmaline Physical Properties
Tourmaline Background Info
Tourmaline Occurance and Diagnostic Features
Tourmaline History and Uses
Tourmaline Metaphysical Properties



TOURMALINE VARIETY NAMES & TOURMALINE PRODUCTS IN OUR ON-LINE TOURMALINE STORE:
TOURMALINE
by
COLOR
ITEM CATEGORIES
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Tourmaline Crystals
and
Tourmaline
Mineral Specimens
Tourmaline Spheres Tourmaline
Gemstones
Tourmaline
Facet Rough
Lapidary Rough Spectacular Decorator Tourmalines
and
Rare Collector Quality Tourmalines
Hand Crafted
Tourmaline Jewelery:
Tourmaline Bracelets
Tourmaline Earrings
and
Tourmaline Necklaces
BLACK
TOURMALINE
Black Tourmaline
Crystals
and
Black Tourmaline
Mineral Specimens
Black Tourmaline
Spheres


Black Tourmaline
Lapidary Rough
Spectacular
Black Tourmaline Items

and
Black Tourmaline Crystals
Black Tourmaline Jewelry:
Black Tourmaline Pendants
Black Tourmaline Necklaces
Black Tourmaline Bracelets
and
Black Tourmaline Rings
BLUE
TOURMALINE
(INDICOLITE)
Blue Tourmaline Crystals
and
Blue Tourmaline
Mineral Specimens

Blue Tourmaline Gemstones
(blue tourmaline gems)
Blue Tourmaline
Facet Rough
Lapidary Rough Spectacular
Blue Tourmaline
Items
Blue Tourmaline Jewelry:
Blue Tourmaline Pendants
Blue Tourmaline Rings
and
Blue Tourmaline Earrings
GREEN
TOURMALINE
Green Tourmaline Crystals
and
Green Tourmaline
Mineral Specimens

Green Tourmaline
Gems
Green Tourmaline
Facet Rough
Green Tourmaline
Lapidary Rough
Spectacular
Green Tourmaline Items
Green Tourmaline Jewelry:
Green Tourmaline Pendants
Rings, Necklaces
and Green Tourmaline Earrings
PINK, PEACH,
RED and PURPLE
TOURMALINE
(RUBELLITE)
Pink Tourmaline Crystals
and
Rubellite Tourmaline
Mineral Specimens
Rubellite
Spheres
Pink, Purple, Sunset Tourmaline Gems Pink, Purple, Sunset Tourmaline
Facet Rough
Pink, Purple, Sunset Tourmaline
Lapidary Rough
Spectacular Rubellite Tourmalines
and
Fine Rubellite Items
Rubellite Tourmaline Jewelry:
Sunset Tourmaline Jewelry
Pink Tourmaline Earrings, and Pink Tourmaline Necklaces
WATERMELON
TOURMALINE
Watermelon Tourmaline
Crystals

and
Watermelon Tourmaline
Mineral Specimens

Watermelon Tourmaline
Gems
Watermelon Tourmaline
Facet Rough
Watermelon Tourmaline
Lapidary Rough
Spectacular
Watermelon Tourmaline Items
Watermelon Tourmaline
Jewelry
BI-COLOR and
MULTI-COLOR
TOURMALINES
Bi-Color Tourmaline
Crystals

and
Multi-Color Tourmaline
Mineral Specimens

Bi Color
Tourmaline
Gems
Bi Color Tourmaline
Facet Rough
Bi Color Tourmaline
Lapidary Rough
Spectacular
Bi Color Tourmaline Items
Hand Crafted
Bi-Color Tourmaline Jewelry


Go up to the Tourmaline Information Index

TOURMALINE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Green Tourmaline Ring Go up to the Tourmaline Information Index
Pink Tourmaline Earrings Green Tourmaline Mineral Specimens

TOURMALINE BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Tourmaline is the name given to a group of related minerals all having essentially the same crystal structure but varying considerably in chemical composition and in some of their physical properties. It is best described as a very complex aluminum borosilicate. There are eleven distinct mineral species of tourmaline based on chemical composition: buergerite, chromdravite, dravite, elbaite, feruvite, foitite, liddicoatite, olenite, povondraite, schorl and uvite.

Tourmaline occurs in all colors. Commonly used names have been given to tourmalines of specific colors or color combinations such as rubellite tourmaline (see our natural color rubellite tourmaline jewelry) for pink to red shades, indicolite for blue tourmaline (see our natural color blue tourmaline jewelry), and watermelon tourmaline for tourmalines showing concentric color zoning with pink-red cores surrounded by green. Since some species of tourmaline such as elbaite and liddicoatite can look exactly the same and laboratory analysis is necessary to determine the precise tourmaline species, the generally preferred nomenclature today for tourmalines that have not been lab analysed is simply to use the color of the specimen as a prefix followed by tourmaline as in green tourmaline crystals and black tourmaline crystals.

The color in tourmaline is due to the presence of metal ions (Fe, Mn, Cr, V, Ti and Cu) in its crystal structure. The color we see in tourmalines is produced when light is absorbed by these ions or by interactions between these ions (intervalent charge transfers).

Some tourmalines form with inclusions of thread-like tubes or cavities which usually occur parallel to the length of the crystal. If these inclusions occur in sufficient number, they may produce a chatoyant effect that yields a cat's-eye when cut into a cabochon gem.


Go up to the Tourmaline Information Index

TOURMALINE OCCURRENCE AND DIAGNOSTIC FEATURES

Green Tourmaline Earrings Tourmaline Bracelets
Tourmaline forms in a variety of geologic settings. It occurs most often in granite pegmatites and in their immediate vicinity in the enclosing host rocks. Pegmatitic tourmaline is commonly black and is associated with microcline, albite, quartz and muscovite. The light colored gem tourmalines are much more rare, usually occuring in pegmatite core zones with quartz (often as smoky quartz), clevelandite, muscovite, lepidolite, morganite, and more rarely with amblygonite and spodumene (variety: kunzite).

Other occurances for tourmaline are: with quartz in hydrothermal veins where heated mineral bearing liquids or gases from deep igneous sources later cooled and crystallized along rock fractures, in granites due to late stage alteration of micas and feldspars by boron containing fluids, and by boron metasomatism in contact and regionally metamorphosed rocks. Some tourmaline bearing mica schists may have formed by regional metamorphism of argillaceous sediments containing evaporite borates.

Because of tourmaline's relatively high hardness and specific gravity, it is often found in eluvial and aluvial deposits.

Tourmaline is usually recognized by its rounded triangular basal sections, color, lack of cleavage and conchoidal fracture. Transparent specimens can often be distinguished by their strong pleochrism/dichroism.


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TOURMALINE HISTORICAL INFORMATION AND USES

Black Tourmaline Jewelry pink Tourmaline Jewelry
The name tourmaline is of the Sinhalese turmali which was originally applied to an assortment of colored stones being mainly zircons. Buergerite was named after Professor Martin J. Buerger, a well known research scientist and crystallographer. Dravite was named after the Drave region in Carinthia. Elbaite was named after the isle of Elba in Italy, and liddicoatite was named after Richard T. Liddicoat of the the Gemologial Institute of America. Schorl is an old German mining term for gangue minerals. Uvite is named for the Uva district in Sri Lanka.

Tourmaline gemstones are widely used, occuring in all colors. Tourmaline also has many scientific and technological uses due to the fact that an electrical charge can be induced in some tourmaline crystals simply by applying pressure to the crystal in the direction of the vertical crystal axis. This effect is known as piezoelectricity, and has many uses in pressure measuring equipment and other scientific applications. Some tourmalines also show pyroelectricity, which occurs when the crystal is heated yielding a positive charge at one end of the crystal and a negative charge at the other.

Tourmaline is the birthstone for the month of October.
The astrological sign of tourmaline is Libra.

See Our Natural Tourmaline Necklaces

Go up to the Tourmaline Information Index


TOURMALINE METAPHYSICAL PROPERTIES


Tourmalines are said to enhance one's understanding, increase self-confidence and amplify one's psychic energies. They also are said to neutralize negative energies, dispell fear and grief, and to aid in concentration and communication.
Tourmalines are also said to be usefull in relaxing the body and the mind, and to help in the treatment of infectious diseases, anxiety, blood poisoning, arthritis and heart disease.

Metaphysical properties for the specific colors of tourmaline are given below:
Black Tourmaline Crystals: said to absorb and give protection against negativity from both people and electrical & magnetic fields. It is also said to sharpen one's wits, to enhance vitality and to give emotional stability.
Blue Tourmaline: said to enhance one's communication skills, intuition and spiritual perspective.
Green Tourmaline said to give success, prosperity and peacefull sleep.
The use of pink tourmaline jewelry is said to inspire love, spirituality and creativity. Wearing pink tourmaline earrings or jewelry is also said to give wisdom and enhance one's willpower.
Watermelon Tourmaline: said to be very effective in helping one to recover from emotional problems. Also all the properties of pink & green tourmalines.

Black Tourmaline Crystals Pink Tourmaline Crystals

For more in-depth metaphysical information, see our Metaphysical Books section.

Tourmaline Item Categories:

Select a link to view our on-line inventory of that category for all tourmaline varieties
(these pages have many images and will load more slowly).

This is the end of our Tourmaline Factsheet and Information page.

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Last Updated: December 9, 2013
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